Singkawang in the morning

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Temple Tri Dharma Bumi Raya located in the middle of Singkawang city.

Singkawang is a city located in the province of  West Kalimantan (or Kalimantan Barat), Indonesia. It is located at about 145 km north of Pontianak, the provincial capital, and is surrounded by the Pasi, Poteng, and Sakok mountains. Singkawang is derived from Hakka, San khew jong which refers to a town in hills nearby a sea and estuary.

According to the data from the 2010 Census, the population of Singkawang was 186,306, most of which are Chinese descents. The largest group of Chinese descent is Hakka people (locally called as “Hakka-nyin” who speak Guangdong -Hakka dialect) – about 42% of the population. The other major group of Chinese descent is Chaozhou which is better known as Teochew. The rest are  Melayu, Dayak and other ethnicities.

Singkawang is also well known as the City of a Thousand Temples since there are so many temples can be found in the city and its surrounding. Nearly every god and goddess in Chinese mythology is worshipped here.

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